Shown below with water-based finish (top),
Color: Heartwood is uniformly pinkish to dark red, often a rich dark red Mahogany hue, turning a deep brownish red with age and exposure; sapwood is pale. Frequent black streaks with occasional ingrown grain.
Hardness (Janka): 1910; 48% harder than Northern Red Oak.
Sawing / Machining: Difficult to work because of high density and irregular grain; carbide tooling recommended.
(Relative to plainsawn select Red Oak.)